Hot Spots on Dogs

This can be defined as an aggravation or contamination of the skin which is often called acute moist dermatitis and moist dermatitis. There are of course two kinds of red spots; this includes those that are shallow and those that are deep.

The main issue here is that they are so little at first that a man will not see them except with the help of a telescope. Subsequently, when these little spots are untreated, they turn out to be extensive in just a couple of hours. Even though they can happen in all types of dogs, those breeds that have long hair and thick coats are prone to this attack.


Causes

There are many reasons that can possibly trigger such spots from showing up. But what really makes them very visible is the dog’s consistent licking and scratching on that affected area of the skin. The primary cause is both flea or insects bites, which causes the dog to scratch and lick that spot of the skin all the time.

This, therefore, causes the microscopic organisms to build up, thereby leading to many medical issues. Besides insects and flea bites, dog’s allergies can also cause the appearance of these hot spots.  Different allergies can be as a result of food, inhalants, and those that come as a result of contact. Furthermore, hot spots areas can be as a result of skin damage that the dog had, probably a wound.

Another vital factor about these spots is that they often crop up amid spring season when the atmosphere is very hot and humid. Furthermore, dogs that usually engage in licking and scratching, especially when bored are more liable to have hot spots.

Also, the areas where these spots often occur might be an indication of a serious health issue. For example, if the area is around the anal region, it can simply imply that the dog might be suffering from anal gland disease, on the other hand, if it is around the ear, it might mean there is an ear infection.


Symptoms or Side effects

Even though these spots are usually seen in almost every part of the dog’s body, it is commonly found in the dog’s paws, legs, rear end, and the flank. Normally, areas that is easily reachable from the dog’s mouth to lick and scratch.

As it is critical to perceive the presence immediately, you should think about the side effects that your dog will show when attacked by this illness. One of the easiest methods for perceiving the same is usually when your dog continually licks and scratches one specific part of the skin.

Another manifestation is through hair loss in the area where the disease has happened. Besides the above symptoms, redness and oozing are other additional manifestations that will imply the presence of these bacteria.


Treatment

Immediately you noticed these side effects in your pet, it is critical that you visit a vet as fast as possible. However, there are some things that you can do before seeking the counsel of your veterinarian. Below are some really effective home-made remedies that you can try at home:

  1. Shave the hair in the region where the hot spots have occurred. This is on account of the fact that the hot spots is going to heal better when exposed to natural air, since they will be free from dampness and will be dry.
  2. Clean the affected area with the help of mild skin chemical that is commonly found in most pet shops, or perhaps a baby shampoo. Furthermore, ensure that the cleanser is completely washed off, if not this might cause further irritation.
  3. Soak some black tea bags in a hot water for a couple of minutes. After they are cooled, place them specifically on the dog’s hot spots. It should be noted here that the tannic acid that is found in the black tea sacks helps in providing fast relief.
  4. Always endeavor to keep the territory where the spots have showed up as dry as possible. Here you have to keep your dog from licking that zone. To solve this particular problem, you can tie an Elizabethan neckline around your pet’s neck.

It should be emphasized here that these home treatments always work when the spots are quite shallow. Nevertheless, it is quite difficult to know their degree by watching them from outside.

In this way, you should take your pet to the specialist before the condition gets critical. The specialist is in the right place to recommend some oral anti-infection agents, extraordinary shampoos, and sprays that are going to help you.

However, this condition can be actually prevented only if you can quickly discover the reason behind this problem. For example, if this is as a result of your dog having long fur, then regular grooming is very vital, on the other hand, if it is caused probably by dog food allergies, avoid giving that food to your dog. Proper hygienic maintenance in the form of clipping your dog’s hair, giving a sedated bath, and above all engaging in flea control will help in keeping your dog hot spot-free.




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